THE COWAN ARTISTS OF 1944

Steven Spurrier (1878-1961)

Norman Wilkinson (1878-1971)

Stanley Anderson (1884-1966)

Henry Rushbury (1889-1968)

Heber Thompson (1891-1971)

John Farleigh (1900-1965)

Paul Drury (1903-1987)

IN PENICUIK TOWN HALL

 

   Presented by Penicuik Community Development Trust Scottish Charity number SC O37990  .

 

THE COWAN ARTISTS OF 1944

Until they closed more than thirty years ago, Alex Cowan & Sons of Penicuik made fine papers for artists and publishers worldwide, and over the generations had many connections with artists –Whistler is an example.  In 1944 Cowans commissioned some of the well-known artists of the day for an advertising campaign to remind potential customers of the firm’s tradition of high quality which had been disrupted by the war years.  Among the artists who contributed were Steven Spurrier, Norman Wilkinson, Stanley Anderson, Henry Rushbury, Heber Thompson, John Farleigh and Paul Drury.  The Cowan Advertisements of 1944 have been shown several times here in the Cowan Institute, Penicuik Town Hall, see www.makers.org.uk/paper/cowan1944. This display now gives a hint of some of the other work of these accomplished craftsmen.

 

 

 

John Farleigh

 (16 June 190030 March 1965)

also known as Frederick William Charles Farleigh

As an English wood-engraver, John Farleigh was best known for his illustrations commissioned by George Bernard Shaw's for his book  The Adventures of the Black Girl in Her Search for God.  Shaw’s text and Farleigh’s illustrations were both considered risqué. Farleigh is also well-remembered for his illustrations of D. H. Lawrence's The Man Who Died, and for the posters he designed for London Transport. He was a painter, lithographer, author and art tutor.

Farleigh left school at 14 and became an apprentice at the Artists' Illustrators Agency in London, learning  lettering, wax engraving and drawing for advertising. He attended drawing classes at the Bolt Court School. In 1918 he was enlisted in the army for a few months until peace was declared.  Resuming his apprenticeship he was given a grant to enrol for three years at the London County Council Central School of Arts and Crafts (later the Central School of Art and Design). There Bernard Meninsky and Noel Rooke trained him in wood-engraving. Between 1922 and 1925 Farleigh was an art teacher at Rugby School, then he returned to London and took up a post at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, where he taught antique and still-life drawing and later, illustration -tutoring some talented wood-engravers including Monica Poole.  At the Central School he headed the book production department.  'The Graven Image' is his 1940 autobiography.

John Farleigh’s wood-engravings appeared in the 1925 Golden Cockerel Press edition of Selected Essays by The Reverend Jonathan Swift and in the books published by the Shakespeare Head Press in the late 1920s. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers in 1937 and a full member in 1948. Farleigh was a founder member and chairman of the Crafts Centre of Great Britain. In 1941 the British Council commissioned him to design the  catalogue title page for the Exhibition of Modern British Crafts.  His work was widely exhibited - Leicester Gallery, Manchester City Art Gallery, Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers, Royal Scottish Academy and Cooling and Sons Gallery.

 

John Farleigh:  Under Cover   for London’s Tramways 1929

John Farleigh:  Nude   woodcut 1929

John Farleigh:  Bookplate 1930

John Farleigh:  title from Shaw’s The Adventures of the Black Girl 1932

John Farleigh: illustration from Shaw’s The Adventures of the Black Girl 1932

John Farleigh: Dynamos 1933

John Farleigh: International Architecture 1934

John Farleigh: so Saul took a sword –The Story of David 1934

John Farleigh:   illustration from The Way of All Flesh 1934

John Farleigh: seashore with lobster pots 1935

John Farleigh: Cockerel –The Man Who Died 1935

John Farleigh: He drew her to his breast –The Man Who Died 1935

John Farleigh: Underground cable   for GPO 1935

John Farleigh: Cuckoo from The Gods Had Wings 1935

John Farleigh:  1936

John Farleigh: poster for London Transport  1937

John Farleigh: Titlepage for Old Fashioned Flowers: 1938

John Farleigh: Tulip for Old Fashioned Flowers: 1938

John Farleigh: Eve brooding  -for Back to Methuselah 1939

John Farleigh: cover for Haunted England  1941

John Farleigh: illustration for Haunted England  1941

John Farleigh: illustration for Haunted England  1941

John Farleigh:  Country Buses –for London Transport  1947

John Farleigh:  Inn Signs  1948

John Farleigh:Brooding figure: 

 John Farleigh :detail from Dahlia woodcut:  1948

John Farleigh :Engraving on Wood   cover:  1956

John Farleigh :Westminster Abbey  -for London Transport:  1961

John Farleigh :London centenaries  -for London Transport:  1964

John Farleigh : for Messrs Cowan 1944

 

 

Paul Drury

(14 October 1903-19 May 1987)

Alfred Paul Dalou Drury was born at Brockley in Kent on 14 October 1903, the son of the sculptor Alfred Drury, ARA.  Playing with his brother Oliver in the summer of 1913, he lost the sight of an eye to an airgun pellet. He attended Bristol Grammar and then Westminster School where he excelled in the study of music and art. His father’s standing in the art world gave young Drury the chance to meet some important artists of the age.  In 1921 he entered Goldsmiths’ School of Art in south London, beside William Larkins, Graham Sutherland, Alexander Walker, Edward Bouverie-Hoyton and Robin Tanner. He began etching in 1922, influenced by the work of 19th century pastoralist Samuel Palmer and the etcher Frederick Griggs.  Drury taught at the Central School of Art, Heatherley’s and then returned to teach at Goldsmiths’. He married the painter Enid Solomon (1910-96) in 1937. War broke out again in 1939 and with only one eye Drury was not much use to the military. Unlike Sutherland, he dismissed the idea of becoming an official war artist. Instead, he spent his war carrying out valuable work in the plaster workshop of Queen Mary’s Hospital, Roehampton. At the war’s end, Clive Gardiner reassembled his hand-picked team at Goldsmiths’ and began what has been described as ‘The Golden Age’. But winds of change in the art world were already blowing and creating friction behind the scenes. And the reforms to education in the 1960s shifted the focus firmly from teaching to administration and threw up a new breed of art educator. Nonetheless, Drury eventually became Principal of Goldsmiths’ in 1966, because of his age, a role that only lasted three years. Mostly known for landscapes such as September and Nicols Farm, Drury’s output was primarily portraiture of the highest quality. Although he exhibited regularly at both the RA and RE, he remained largely disinterested in self-promotion, particularly in the post-war period. Drury was President of the Royal Society of Painter Printmakers 1970-75. Despite their long friendship, in the late 1970s, he and Sutherland had a serious falling out over Tom Keating and the Samuel Palmer forgeries affair. Drury executed 92 plates between 1922 and 1975, but his work is not widely known, partly because of his wide variety of other interests and natural reticence. His later printmaking shows a highly imaginative mind with an inherent sense of design. These qualities were, on occasion, informed with a delightful sense of humour. Paul Drury died on 19 May 1987.

paul-drury-nicols-farm

Paul Drury: Nicolls Farm 1928

Paul Drury: First Italian head 1928

marchmorning

Paul Drury: March morning 1933

Paul Drury: On Box Hill –working proof 1933

 FRENCH CEMETERY

Paul Drury: French cemetery 1938

Paul Drury Carel Weight  (the artist) 1938

Alfred Drury, by Paul Drury, 1943 - NPG 5458 - © estate of APD Drury (Paul Drury PPRE)<br />

Paul Drury: Alfred Drury 1943

Alfred Drury, by Paul Drury, 1944 - NPG 5459 - © estate of APD Drury (Paul Drury PPRE)<br />

Paul Drury: Alfred Drury 1944

GIRL ENGRAVING

Paul Drury: Girl engraving 1947

Paul Drury: Tired student 1949

Paul Drury: 'Mickleham Yews lll.' 1950

Paul Drury: 'The Obstinate Hen’ The Reluctant Hen No.2 Dinan Set  1958

Paul Drury  for Messrs Cowan 1944

 

SATURDAY 30 OCTOBER 2010

THE COWAN ARTISTS OF 1944

Steven Spurrier (1878-1961)

Norman Wilkinson (1878-1971)

Stanley Anderson (1884-1966)

Henry Rushbury (1889-1968)

Heber Thompson (1891-1971)

John Farleigh (1900-1965)

Paul Drury (1903-1987)

IN PENICUIK TOWN HALL

 

   Presented by Penicuik Community Development Trust Scottish Charity number SC O37990  .

 

THE BANK MILL PROJECT

 www.makers.org.uk/paper/bankmill

 

THE COWAN ADVERTISEMENTS OF 1944

www.makers.org.uk/paper/cowan1944

 

MAKERS.org.uk/illustration