Come to our Annual General Meeting at Barony Castle Hotel, Eddleston EH45 8QW

on Sunday 28 April 2013 at 2pm

Campaign to restore

General Maczek’s


This special exhibition was shown at Penicuik Community Development Trust’s weekly Open House in the Cowan Institute, Penicuik Town Hall on Saturday 19 July 2008, repeated there on Saturday 9 August 2008, and shown at the location of the Great Map in Eddleston at the Barony Castle Open Day on Sunday 7 September 2008. .


Campaign to restore

General Maczek’s



Find out about this local treasure –and the man behind it


click here for a shorter description of the campaign

click here for Szkocja w Szkocji –a Polish description of the map construction

Scotland in Scotland –translation of the above


From ATLANTA Georgia to Penicuik Open House: Lauren Williams’  RED VELVET CAKE aptly reflects

the colours shared by Poland, Croatia (General Maczek’s ancestral roots) and Brabant (his final resting place)


The displays:

General Stanisław Maczek

(March 31, 1892 – December 11, 1994)

 was the most accomplished Polish tank commander of the Second World War.  A veteran of the First World War. the Polish-Ukrainian and Polish-Bolshevik Wars, he commanded Poland's only major armoured formation during the September 1939 campaign, led a Polish armoured formation in France in 1940, and was commander of the famous First Polish Armoured Division, and later of the First Polish Army Corps under Allied Command in 1942–1945.


Of Croatian extraction, Stanisław Władysław Maczek was born in  Lwów in 1892 in Austro-Hungarian Galicia.  Graduating from grammar school at Drohobycz he attended the philosophy faculty of Lwów University where he studied Polish literature and language.  After the outbreak of the Great War, Maczek interrupted his studies hoping to join Piłsudski's Polish Legions, but instead was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army. Assigned to the Italian front, he rose to become the only Polish battalion commander in Austria-Hungary's Alpine regiments. At the war’s end he joined the Polish Army and took part in its later Ukranian and Bolshevik campaigns.  His experience in speedy movement and rapid response led -after military college, colonelship and a series of infantry commands- to his taking charge of Poland’s first fully motorised formation during the 1938 Munich crisis.




When Poland was attacked in force in 1939 Maczek led the only Polish units not to lose a single battle. His forces made a dogged defence under Blitzkreig attack but these efforts became eclipsed when Russia invaded from the rear. 


RENDEZVOUS IN POLAND 1939     Cartoon by David Low


Poland, bastard-child of Versailles, is no more ! Long Live Nazi-Soviet Friendship !

Generals Guderian and Krivoshein join as the two armies celebrate Poland’s defeat 1939.

Appreciated by his superiors and respected by enemy commanders, Maczek was loved by his soldiers, who called him “Baca”, a Galician name for a shepherd like the Scots gaelic “Buachaille”.  Ordered to take his brigade over the Hungarian border, he made his way to lead some of the Polish forces in France at the end of 1939, but senior French commanders didn’t even open Maczek’s detailed reports describing the Blitzkreig tactics they should prepare for. 



After the fall of France Maczek and many of his men made their way through Africa and Portugal to London, and formed the nucleus of a Polish armoured unit based in Scotland for four years.  Trained at Blairgowrie and equipped with the latest Churchill and Sherman tanks, the Poles took up the defence of the Scottish shoreline between Montrose and Dundee. 

In July 1944, after more tank training in East Anglia, the division transferred to Normandy, attached to the First Canadian Army.  Maczek’s forces, and his clear appreciation of geography and landform (which he freely shared with his allies) contributed decisively to resolving Allied difficulties in the Battle of Falaise.

Temporary “Warsaw Bridge” built to carry Polish forces north across the Seine at Elbeuf, 29 August 1944



General Maczek's Division continued to spearhead the Allied drive across the battlefields of France, liberating Amiens and St Omer, then in Belgium securing Ypres, Roulers and Terneuzen. Into the Netherlands, in Brabant, Maczek’s forces carefully flanked Breda and entered without damage.  Here the Polish forces were to be hailed as heroes and here many of them were subsequently buried. 

Liberation of Breda. Honorary Citizenship bestowed on General Maczek, Monday 30 October 1944


The Division pushed on to Germany, capturing the port of Wilhelmshaven and accepting surrender of the garrison and 200 navy ships.  After Germany capitulated, General Maczek went on to become commanding officer of all Polish forces in the United Kingdom until demobilization in 1947.

General Maczek and Mayor Van Slobbe watch a march-past of Polish troops in the grounds of Chassé Barracks, Breda, a year after liberation. November 11th 1945.

Twenty years after the liberation of Breda General Maczek stands among the graves of his fellow-countrymen in Breda’s Polish War Cemetery.    October 29th, 1964.


Campaign to restore

General Maczek’s



 Once the Black Barony Hotel and former home of the Murrays of Elibank

- the dormer windows are decorated with Murray and Polish insignia


General Maczek’s Great Polish Map of Scotland stands in the grounds of Barony Castle, Eddleston, once the home of the Murrays of Elibank, later the Black Barony Hotel.  Years after the war, the hotel came into the hands of a member of the Polish community who had been billeted there in wartime. He was a great friend of the General, and gave the Maczeks the use of a top-floor suite in the hotel.


General Maczek had always been appreciative of geography and landform and the military use of contour maps and models.  He had been shown an impressive outdoor map of land and water in the Netherlands demonstrating the working of the waterways which had been an obstacle to the Polish forces progress in 1944.  He remembered this during his long years of exile in Scotland after he was deprived of Polish citizenship by the postwar Stalinist regime.  These were not easy times for the General and those he had led.  They were not welcome by the government at home in Poland.  Here in Britain the official world had no further need of them either.  No Allied government would offer a pension.  It was a tragic irony for the shepherd who had given so much.   But people, thankfully, continued to recognise what he and his forces had done. The people of Breda continued to support him; the people of Scotland stayed warm.


Plaque at the door of General Maczek’s house In Arden Street, Edinburgh


Set in the open air in the Peeblesshire landscape at Eddleston, General Maczek and his companions conceived The Great Polish Map of Scotland as a permanent three-dimensional reminder of Scotland’s hospitality to his compatriots and as a reflection of the General’s abiding interest in landform and contours.  The coastline and relief of Scotland were laid out precisely by Kazimierz Trafas, a young Polish student geographer-planner from the Jagiellonian University at Cracow.  Engineering infrastructure was put in place to surround it with a sea of water, and some of the main rivers were even arranged to flow from headwaters in the mountains.  Although not widely appreciated at the time, the vastness of this three dimensional modelled map has no equal anywhere.




Stanisław Maczek lived long, taking his duty of care for his people as seriously as he had always done. He died in 1994 in Edinburgh aged 102 and is buried with his comrades at Breda in the Netherlands. 


Over the years, the great outdoor map became stagnant and decayed. Now, after these long years of dereliction, and as a first step towards what we hope can become a broadly based effort for restoration, it has been drained and cleared of undergrowth by Barony Castle’s new owners, De Vere Venues.  To get the project moving, Roger Kelly and David Cameron invite you to show an interest in helping to restore this great work in co-operation with Barony Castle.  Please leave details here at the exhibition showing how you can be contacted. 






LISMORE –lost above the waterline

MORVERN –underwater erosion




Moss, erosion, exposed underlying bricks


















Roger Kelly, David Cameron and Elizabeth Laudenslager acknowledge the help of Steven Sweeny, Deputy General Manager, Barony Castle following their visit to the Great Map on 21 May 2008.


The project was the subject of this special exhibition at Penicuik Community Development Trust’s weekly Open House in the Cowan Institute, Penicuik Town Hall on Saturday 19 July 2008, repeated on Saturday 9 August 2008, and shown at the Barony Castle Open Day in Eddleston on Sunday 7 September 2008. 

As a result of these exhibitions, contact in Poland with  Janusz Szewczuk and the meetings that followed in 2009, Mapa Scotland was formed to carry forward the Great Map’s restoration.



The campaign to restore the Great Map was begun in 2008 by a small group including Roger Kelly (convener of the Royal Town Planning Institute in Scotland and member of the Saltire Society Council); David Cameron (former convener of the Saltire Society and Edinburgh’s former Deputy City Planner, who worked with the late Kazimierz Trafas on urban restoration in Cracow); Krystyna Szumelukowa, Edinburgh’s former Director of Economic Development; Keith Burns (Hydraulic engineer with a long-term interest in the Map); and Alastair Nimmo (Civil engineer and concrete specialist). A meeting to review and report progress to Janusz Szewczuk (one of the Great Map’s surviving cartographer-builders) was called by Keith Burns at Hillend on Tuesday 11 August 2009 with Roger Kelly, Barbara Conboy, David Cameron, Dave Peck, Nick Macdonald and James Barton. A study group on Saturday 12 September 2009 at Barony Castle, onsite at the water intake and at the Great Map itself was hosted by George Futers with Keith Burns, Roger Kelly, David Cameron, Anne Hardie, Barbara Conboy, Krzysztof Chuchra, Krystyna Szumelukowa, Dave Peck, Nigel Rose, Jim Barton and Adam Ward. A further meeting was held at Barony Castle on Sunday 25 October with Keith Burns, Dave Peck, Krystyna Szumelukowa, Alastair Nimmo, David Cameron, Jim Barton and Roger Kelly, with the helpful support of George Futers of De Vere Venues. The group is formally reconstituting itself as a committee and will seek constituted and properly limited financial and charitable status.  It meets regularly to take forward progress on the Great Map’s restoration and engage all interested parties in Scotland, Poland, the Netherlands and Canada.  Contact the project at

Pictures of the Great Map in 2009 here.



Polish Forces in Scotland in the Second World War



The Murrays of Elibank who once lived at Barony Castle Eddleston were linked with Thomas Adams, the Carlops farmer who became regional planner of New York, the subject of an earlier Open House display.


The Great Map was mentioned in the Scottish Planner of June 2008 and featured in Cairt –newsletter of the Scottish Maps Forum. 

The Polish Chamber Singers Affabre Concinui visited the Great Map during their series of performances in Edinburgh and Peebles 8-12 August 2008 Ż








Milestones in the history of The Great Polish Map of Scotland


Szkocja w Szkocji –a Polish description of the map construction

Scotland in Scotland –translation of the above









Proud supporters of the  Mapa Scotland  Project:

Penicuik Community Development Trust  presents

SUNDAY MARCH 7 2010   7.30


Krzysztof Kieslowski’s THE DOUBLE LIFE OF VERONIQUE (La double vie de Véronique / Podwójne życie Weroniki)

Irene Jacob    music by Zbigniew Preisner    Cert 15  92 mins 1991

Amazing music, stunning cinematography and a wonderful performance by Irene Jacob. One of the great films that explores the idea of the soul - and for many, one of the best films of all time. Let Kieslowski invoke the metaphysical mysterious essence of our human spirit.  Enjoy his beautiful film.

IMDb All viewers average rate 8.0, under 18s average rate 8.2 (both out of 10) 

Entry Ł4: refreshments available: doors open 7pm

Penicuik cinema season here



Find out more about Penicuik Trust projects at the weekly Open House in Penicuik Town Hall

On-the-spot exhibitions, on-the-spot hands-on crafts sessions for kids and adults, onsite visits and more…

Penicuik Community Development Trust is a very active self-supporting voluntary community organization.  It runs its own town centre retail and service businesses, a weekly cinema, a weekly open house and café, and is restoring the magnificent Lost Garden of Penicuik in a 50 year project.

The Trust is responsible for the Lost Garden of Penicuik (incorporating Penicuik’s Food Project), Penicuik Saturday Open House, Penicuik Cinema, the Bankmill Project, Pen-y-coe Press and Old Post Office and Penicuik Vaults singers.  Launched at a public meeting in March 2005, The Trust is a charitable company limited by guarantee registered in Scotland with company number 380626 and OSCR charity number SCO37990.  The Trust is governed by a 20-strong team elected annually from the Penicuik community. Directors and Trustees are Roger Kelly (chair), Roger Hipkin (secretary 20A John St. Penicuik EH26 8A), Jane MacKintosh (treasurer), and Dave Stokes, Mose Hutchison and Penny Wooding in a managing committee with Chantal Geoghegan, Christina Suter, Denis Smith, Doreen Gillon, Florance Kennedy, Jane Kelly, John Scott, Lynda Smith, Lynn Niven, Marianne Cortes, Marjorie Bisset, Peter Middleton, Simon Duffy, Ulla Hipkin. The Trust's last well-attended Annual General Meeting was 28 May 2013.  Paid-up Membership of around 200; Patrons: author Ian Macdougall, actor Gerda Stevenson, Colonel Edward Cowan. Trust official website  The Trust is a Member of Development Trusts Association Scotland (DTAS) takes part every year in Doors Open Day, and works with Penicuik Community Council, Midlothian Council, Midlothian Voluntary Action, the Midlothian Growing Ideas Partnership (including Midlothian Garden Services, Mayfield & Easthouses Development Trust, and other garden and food projects in Midlothian associated with the Federation of City Farms and Community Gardens), and the Mapa Scotland restoration of the Great Polish Map of Scotland at Eddleston, and supported the papermaking tercentenary led by Penicuik Historical Society.  The Trust continues the work of long-standing local enterprise the Penycoe Press, and is inspired by a pioneering predecessor Penicuik Co-operative Association.  It has personal and mutually supportive links with Penicuik Hunter & Lass Committee, Robert Smail’s Printing Works at Innerleithen, the Penicuik Community Sport & Leisure Foundation, Penicuik Community Arts Association, the Penicuik House Project, the Wojtek Memorial Trust, the Scottish Civic Trust, and the Saltire Society, with community groups and trusts in Aberfeldy, Broughty Ferry, Gorebridge and Moffat, with Penicuik’s twin town at L’Isle-sur-la Sorgue, Vaucluse, Provence, with Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec and with the Papeterie St-Armand in Montreal. The Trust can be contacted through the trustee-directors and at its main day-to-day business premises at Penycoe Press, 7 Bridge Street, Penicuik EH26 8LL telephone 01968 673767 Monday-Saturday 10am – 4pm.  The Trust’s solicitors are Gillespie Macandrew LLP and its insurance brokers Keegan & Pennykid.